Long screen times: Health risks caused by sleep disorders
In a recent study has shown that almost a third of the students in Germany suffers from sleep disturbances at night and not enough rest. As a result, the health will be affected. The lack of sleep is associated with the greatly increased screen times children and young people. Many spend more than four hours a day in front of a television, Smartphone or Tablet.
Damage to the health and concentration through lack of sleep
Millions of Germans suffer from sleeping disorders. The consequences can be serious: those Affected are during the day, often tired, and have concentration problems. Also, the health is compromised. A recent report now shows that many children and young people sleep too little. This has mainly to do with, because you spend a lot of time in front of the screen to use for example Social Media.
Serious health problems
Sleep disorders can not only have fatigue and concentration problems, but also serious health problems.
According to health experts, sleep disorders increase the risk for Diabetes, cardiovascular disorders such as hypertension, mental disorders such as depression and lead to a weakening of the immune system.
Furthermore, a scientific study by the University of Duisburg-showed, eat, that sleep disorders can also increase the risk of stroke.
Exhausted and tired
The prevention radar in 2018, the DAK-health now shows that almost a third of the students suffers from sleep disorders.
Half of the children and young people feel in the daytime exhausted and complains of fatigue.
Especially older students sleep too little. So Ninth report and tenth-graders, on average, only about seven hours of sleep per night. Also, as a result of lack of Sleep students suffering from Stress.
According to a communication from the health insurance Fund carried out by the current school of study with the Institute for therapy and health research (IFT – Nord) in six Federal States.
Almost 9.300 students of the year were interviewed five to ten representative.
Girls often suffer from sleep disorders
The study shows that girls suffer more often of sleep disturbances than boys: While each third party has, at least once per week, sleep problems, the boy is only 24 percent.
Depending on the grade level of the respondents go to sleep at very different times: the Fifth – and sixth-graders between 20 and 22 PM, Ninth – and tenth-graders, the majority of after 23 hrs. About one in every six of the older students, until after midnight to fall asleep.
So the Younger ones get an average of 9.4 hours of sleep per night, tenth-graders, only to 7.3 hours. This is a fifth of or 120 minutes less than experts for this age group is recommended.
Lack of sleep is associated with a greatly increased screen times
The prevention of radar shows that the lack of sleep is associated with the greatly increased screen times, the student: a Lot of sitting more than four hours a day in front of a television, Smartphone or Tablet. Almost a fifth shows depressive symptoms.
“The students take care of at night to full battery at the time of their Smartphones, but they charge their own batteries,” said Andreas Storm, Chairman of the management Board of DAK-Gesundheit, the results.
“Lack of sleep and sleep disorders are easily underestimated, they can cause serious problems.”
In fact, the report shows perception of a close connection between lack of sleep and Stress. The less sleep the respondents get, the more you feel stressed.
Of the girls half (48 percent), almost to suffer often or very often under Stress. Of the boys, a third is affected. The perceived frequency of Stress increases with age.
Among the younger students, only five percent feel that very often stressed, the older is 14 percent.
Increased stress, no nonsense is sense, but with frequent head-, Rücken– and abdomen accompanied by pain. Also, depression can intensify.
About a sixth of respondents (16 per cent) feel they are often or very often unhappy. In particular, girls (23 percent), information indicating depressive symptoms.
Smartphones Rob students of sleep
An explanation for the shortened duration of sleep of the students is the increasing use of display screen equipment.
How the DAK-prevention radar shows, you sleep the less, the more time you spend in front of screens.
Smartphone and other devices are already popular among students of the fifth class. The majority of children (56 per cent) spend up to an hour a day in front of the screen.
Ninth – and tenth-graders are three times: A quarter (28 per cent) of the older students speak of more than four hours per day. This is the self-perception of the students.
The amount of time you actually spend with a Tablet, Computer, mobile phone, and a television in aggregate, is likely to lie about it.
“The Smartphones are robbing the students of sleep,” stresses the Director of studies Prof. Dr. Reiner Hanewinkel from IFT North.
“Our prevention radar clearly shows the connection between lack of sleep and long screen times. To health problems, we need effective programs for a more conscious use of digital media.“
Many sufficient movement is missing
A further deficit: Only 35 percent of the students are sufficiently physically active.
According to the national physical activity recommendations are intended to move children and young people daily at least 90 minutes, 60 minutes, the Back of Due to by bike or scooter can be.
The vast majority of these recommendations, however, are not. In the case of the students of classes five and six, bike and scooter rides, while still relatively popular, with A third going to its own information, up to 60 minutes per day.
But in the Ninth – and tenth-graders ‘ interest. Only a fifth (19 per cent) of the Older drives longer distances with the bike.